District Profile

 

A. General Census: Nanded is historical city on the bank Godavari river and known for sachkhand Gurudwara.

  It is located between 18.15 to 19.55 N altitude and 77.7 to 78.15E longitude with altitude of 354 meters above the mean seal level. It is surrounded by Nizamabad district of A.P. by east, Bidar of K.S. by south, Parbhani district by west and Hingoli and Yavatmal district by north. It has an area of 10528 sq.km. The district has 16 talukas, 11 municipal corporations 1313 grampanchayats and 1572 villages.

The total geographical areaThe total geographical area is 1052800 hectares, out of which total cultivable, area 677500 hectares. The area under irrigation is 90226 hectares.

  • The district comprises 16 tahasils but KVK is being working under 8 taluka mainly comprises Nanded, Mudkhed, Hadgaon, Himayatnagar, Kinwat, Mahur, Bhokar, Ardhapur.
  • Nanded is located at 180 30’. North latitude and 770 10’ East longitudes at about 489 meters above mean sea level. It is about 260 KM each from Aurangabad and Hyderabad and about 300 km from Nagpur.
  • It is regionally linked by road to other urban areas by major state highway (MSH) 6 to Degloor in south, east towards Hyderabad, MSH-2 to Bhokar in the north east and Latur in the south-east, MSH-3 to Hadgaon.
  • In terms of railway connectivity. Nanded is a part of the south central railway division of the Indian railway. It lies on Mumbai – secanderabad railway line. It is serviced by direct – rail connectivity to Mumbai. Secandarabad and Amritsar.
  • Climate of city is generally dry except during southwest monsoon season that sets in the first week of June and lasts about 2.5-3 months. The average annual rainfall in the city is about 901 mm and temperature range is between 460c to 180c.
  • District has fertile black cotton soil as in the rest of Godavari valley.
  • Agro ecosystem analysis of the focus | Target area. Kedarguda, Kharbi,Pawadewadi.
  • Normal rainfall (mm) – June – Sept- 862.5 mm
  • Geographical area: 10, 33,000 ha.
  • Cultivable area: 80,8000 ha
  • Forest area: 85000 ha
  • Non-agriculture land: 35000.8 ha
  • Permanent Pastures: 50000.6 ha
  • Cultivable waste land: 35000.9 ha
  • Current fallow: 73000.4 ha

Agriculture is the main sector in the economy of the district. This is mainly dependent on monsoon rainfall. The entire district has rural setting. The rural area is 10,236.7 sq.km and urban area is 291.3 sq.km. So the district is predominately an agrarian district.The total geographical area of the district is 10,528 sq.km. The district comprising 16 Tahasils and 1572 villages. Out of the total area 13% under hilly and 8.75% rocky to northeast and 78.28% plain in central and southern part of the district. As per the 2001 census the total population was 28.76 lakhs. The share of rural population is 21.87 (76.04%) lakhs and urban 6.89 (23.96%) comprising of 14.76 Lakhs male and 14.00 lakhs female, 671241 farm holders.

 

B. Agricultural and allied census: The agriculture and allied activities contribute to the tune of 63 percent to gross income. During last decade the scenario of agriculture in the district has significantly changed and it is having a major bearing on the existing farming systems and existing cultivation situation.

 

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

(Year 2014-15)

Sr.No.

Crop

Area (ha)

Production(Qtl)

Productivity

Kharif season
1 Kharif jawar 110500 1450865 1313
2 Redgram 57650 328605 570
3 Green gram 29200 194472 666
4 Black gram 32860 226405 689
5 Soybean 209800 3239312 1544
6 Cotton 310200 2937594 947
7 Sugarcane 6600 5246 80
Rabi season
1 Rabbi Jowar 35989 375365 1043
2 Maize 409 11010 2692
3 Wheat 24946 341510 1369
4 Bengal gram 76206 783397 1028
5 Sunflower 940 6345 675
6 Safflower 4204 30983 737
Summer season
1 Summer groundnut 6500 71825 1105

A. Agro-climatic zones : The Nanded district categorized under assured rainfall zone and moderate to moderately high rainfall zone. The south zone of the district comes under assured rainfall and north zone comes under moderately high rainfall. The soils of the district are light, medium and heavy black cotton soils with hilly area in the northern part of the district. The average normal precipitation of district is 954 mm. The Himayatnagar records highest rainfall of 2081 mm where as Nanded registered lowest precipitation of 794 mm, during 2005. The average highest rainfall 1070 mm in lowest 786 mm. The highest temperature goes upto 4400C in summer were as minimum temperature is upto 120C in winter season. At present the area under irrigation is 10.85% and irrigation potential of the district by using all sources is 24 percent.

 

A. Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

 

Sr. No.

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1

Assured Rainfall Zone

--

2

Moderate to Moderately High Rainfall Zone (Central Maharashtra Plateau Zone)

--

 

Soil Type/s

Sr.No.

Soil Type

Characteristics

Area in ha

1

Light Soil

Depth 15-20 cm

--

2

Medium Soil More calcium & carbonate percentage --
3 Heavy Black Cotton Soils High soil moisture, holding capacity --

 

E. Agro- ecosystems

Sr.No.

Agro ecological situation

Characteristics
1 SRZ-1 Scarcity Rainfall Zone

-Scarce to low rainfall>

- Light to medium black soils.

- Hilly area.

- Rained cultivation

2

MRZ-II Moderate Rainfall Zone

- Moderate to Assured rainfall

- Medium to heavy black soils

- Flat & Command area.

3

MRZ-III Moderately high Rainfall Zone

- Moderately high rainfall

- Light Soils.

- Hilly area.

Major and micro-farming Systems:

The district comes under rain fed cropping. The major crops of the district are cereals (Jowar, Wheat, Maize),Pulses (Black gram, Green gram, Red gram, Chickpea) oil seeds (Soybean, Groundnut, Safflower, Sunflower).

            The fruit crops (Mosambi, Sapota, Mango, Guava, Anola) Vegetables (Tomato, Brinjal, Cabbage, Chilies, Coriander etc.) and flowers (Chrysanthemum, Roses, Jasmine, Gerberas, etc.). The district comes under export zone Mango and Mosambi so the large area comes under horticultural crops like Mango, Mosambi, Cashew, Tamarind, Aonla. Thus the traditional rained agricultural lands being brought under more remunerative farming systems like agro + horticulture and agro+ processing system.

 

Major farming systems/enterprises

Sr.No.

Farming system / enterprise

1

Agril + Horticulture

2

Agril + Processing System

3

Agril + Dairy

4

Agril + Vegetables

5

Horti. + AH. + Agril

6

Agril + AH.

  • Major production systems like rice based (rice-rice, rice-green gram, etc.), cotton based, etc.
  • Major agriculture and allied enterprises
  • Major : Agriculture
  • Allied Enterprises
    • Animal Husbandry and Dairy
    • Poultry
    • Goatry
    • Piggery
    • Fishery

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